Before deciding if you truly want to become a breeder, you should at least have prior knowledge on their basic reproduction process and breeding. This section will inform you on how these creatures procreate.
a.) Sexual Dimorphism
Ringnecks are sexually dimorphic, males and females are quite easy to distinguish visually because of the color bands around their neck. Males have an obvious black ring while females’ rings are not that prominent, although if you look closely around their neck, you can see that one is paler green than their body color.
You can also determine the gender of your bird through DNA analysis, which uses sample blood or feathers; it can also provide additional information on its sexual maturity and capability to reproduce. It is inexpensive and convenient so if you like to know more about your bird's sexuality you should definitely try DNA Sexing or Surgical Sexing.
b.) Mating and Reproduction
In the wild, Ringnecks breed in single pairs and mates in colonies with 8 to 9 couples inside the cavities of a tree. The sexual maturity of Ringneck parakeet happens between 5 to 36 months. You’ll need to provide a nesting box because that is where females will lay their eggs.
The breeding period starts at earliest in February and
ends in July. Generally, females lays about 3 or 5 eggs per clutch on alternate days and incubation takes approximately 22-24 days. During the incubation period, females rarely leave the nest while the male takes on the responsibility of feeding her and the chicks.
It is highly recommended that you provide an additional 20% increase on fatty seeds as well as their intake of vitamin supplements and proteins such as hard-boiled egg and shredded chicken during the breeding process.
It’s also important to note that the temperature should be kept between 12° - 18°C (55°- 65°F) and humidity needs to be raised to about 80% before the eggs are hatched.
2.) The Ringneck Parakeet Breeding Process
In order to have a clear sketch of a Rose-ringed parrot breeding, this section will show you the breeding process and the information you need to know, so that your pets can successfully procreate.
a.) Selecting Ringneck Parakeets for Breeding
For you to select a healthy, fertile and active parrot it is recommended that your parrot undergoes clinical examination by a veterinarian. This is essential to determine if your parrot is capable of reproduction or not and at the same time it can prevent diseases that could be transmitted to the coming flock.
b.) Setting up a Good Environment and Cage
mentioned earlier, Ringneck Parakeets are naturally cavity dwellers in the
wild. However, in captivity, you need to set up a nice environment for them so
that they can successfully breed. The minimum cage size
24in x 24in x 48in.; ideally 48 inches should be the depth and the front of the cage should be 24 in x 24 in preferably with feeding stations.
Set up an artificial nest or box and make sure it has an entrance hole of about 4” in diameter. You can also line the nest with a soft hand towel. It is also advisable to make some holes to the bottom of the box to allow drainage of excess water if in case you want to put it outside your house. You can also add some peat, wood chips, and small pieces of coconut fibers, foam, dry grass or hay to replicate a natural nest. Put your cage at a place where they will feel secure and where nobody will disturb them.
c.) Brooding and Incubation
time starts in February and ends in July. Only the female incubates and its
clutch size ranges from
2-6, and there is a 1-2 days gap after laying the first egg. On average 3-4 eggs are laid, and incubation lasts for about 22 to 24 days.
The eggs hatch in about 24 days and it takes about 6 to 7 weeks before the young parakeets leave the nest. After leaving the nest, chicks are still being fed by their parents and in approximately 2 weeks after that, the parents’ starts to separate themselves from their babies and the chicks becomes independent.